Author Archives: Emmanuel Francis

About Emmanuel Francis

Chargé de recherche CNRS (CEIAS-UMR 8564, EHESS-CNRS, Paris)

TST Webinar 1

Since the online TST workshop (September 21st, 2020) was very fruitful and since it is not clear when the TST members will again meet in persons because of the current pandemic, TST has started a series of monthly webinars.

Metal cover of BnF Indien 113, a multiple-text manuscript containing the Akattiyar Tēvārat Tiraṭṭu — The source this picture of INDIEN 113 is BnF

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For an easy reading

The source of all the pictures of INDIEN 72 and 73 is BnF

The manuscripts Indien 72 and Indien 73 in the BnF collection both contain a collection moral or didactic stanzas entitled Nīticāram (“The gist of moral teachings”).1 In both these copies of the same work, the root-text (mūlam) is accompanied by a commentary (urai), that is, each individual stanza is followed immediately by its commentary.

Fig. 1 — BnF INDIEN 73, f1r, stanza 1 of Nīticāram

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  1. An alternative title, Nīticākaram (“The ocean of moral teachings”) is found also in Indien 73. []

“Give it back after reading!”

The source of all the pictures of INDIEN 73 is BnF

The manuscript Indien 73 in the BnF collection is a collection of moral or didactic stanzas entitled alternatively Nīticākaram (“The ocean of moral teachings”) or Nīticāram (“The gist of moral teachings”) in the manuscript itself.

BnF INDIEN 73, front unfoliated folio Continue reading

BnF INDIEN 478: Cāmināta Piḷḷai’s Nacaraikkalampakam

A blogpost by Margherita Trento

The source of all the pictures of INDIEN 478 is BnF

Indien 478 (ex-Tamoul 478) is a palm-leaf bundle (440 x 25 mm) between wooden planks containing the manuscripts of two poems, the Nacaraikkalampakam by Vittuvāṉ Cāmināta Piḷḷai (unfoliated f.1A, f.2A, and 57 ff.), and the Caṟuvēcuraṉ catakam (also spelled Caṟuvvīcuraṉ catakam) by a certain Ñāṉappirakācam (unfoliated f.1B, f.2B, and 26 ff.) (Cabaton 1912, p. 68). The first unfoliated folio in the bundle functions as title-folio for the whole composite manuscript (CM), and bears the title of both works (Fig. 1). Unfoliated f.1A (Fig. 2) and unfoliated f.1B are the title-folia of the Nacaraikkalampakam and the Caṟuvēcuraṉ catakam respectively.

Fig. 1 —  The wooden cover and unfoliated folio 1, that is, the title-folio — Courtesy of BnF

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BnF INDIEN 728: Alphabet and Grammar of Malayalam by Valentinus Manfredus

The source of all the pictures of INDIEN 728 is BnF

BnF INDIEN 728 (ex- Indien 82; Cabaton, Catalogue sommaire, 1912, p. 106) is a handwritten paper book/codex (330 x 220 x 18 mm). It is an alphabet and grammar of Malayalam in Latin by Valentinus Manfredus (Valentin Manfred? Valentino Manfredi?), a Carmelite missionary in Malabar (South-West coast of India) (Fig. 1).

Fig. 1 — BnF INDIEN 728, folio I, recto — Courtesy of BnF

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BnF INDIEN 432: A Tamil Alphabet

The source of all the pictures of INDIEN 432 is BnF

BnF INDIEN 432 (ex- Tamoul 432; Cabaton, Catalogue sommaire, 1912, p. 61; Figs. 12) is a bundle of 22 palm leaves (295 x 20/25 mm1) with two faceted cover wooden planks, probably original, that is, not made on purpose at the BnF, like for other bundles.

Fig. 1 — BnF INDIEN 432, tied bundle — Courtesy of BnF

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  1. The leaves are broader in their middle than at their edges. []